European building stock characteristics in a common and open database for 200+ million individual buildings.

Download the Data!

Building footprints in the city of Madrid, Spain. Available in EUBUCCO within the Spain country file and the Madrid example file. Data from the Spanish Directorate General for Cadastre.

What is this?

EUBUCCO is a scientific database of individual building footprints for 200+ million buildings across the 27 European Union countries and Switzerland, together with three main attributes – building type, height and construction year – included for respectively 45%, 74%, 24% of the buildings. EUBUCCO is composed of 50 open government datasets and OpenStreetMap that have been collected, harmonized and partly validated.

EUBUCCO provides the basis for high-resolution urban sustainability studies across scales – continental, comparative or local studies – using a centralized source and is relevant for a variety of use cases, e.g. for energy system analysis or natural hazard risk assessments.

How was this made?

This work is associated with a Data Descriptor paper currently under review with the journal Scientific Data. The manuscript provides extensive documentation on the database content and methodology. All the code used to generate this data is openly available on the Github repository of the project:

If you re-use the data for your project, please use the following citation:
Milojevic-Dupont, N. and Wagner, F. et al. EUBUCCO v0.1: European building stock characteristics in a common and open database for 200+ million individual buildings. Sci Data 10, 147 (2023).



This project is hosted at the Mercator Research Institute of Global Commons and Climate Change and the Technical University Berlin, in the research group headed by Prof. Dr. Felix Creutzig. The development of the current version was led by Nikola Milojevic-Dupont and Felix Wagner, joined by Florian Nachtigall for the upcoming version, and supported by team from various partners. The website is developed by Geza Brüser.


The project is funded by the Climate Change Center Berlin Brandenburg, and CircEUlar project of the European Union’s Horizon Europe research and innovation program under grant agreement 101056810.


For any question or suggestion, please write to info (at)